ISO 19107

Working Group 9 
Reference Status/Date Name WG

ISO 19107:2019

2019-12-02 Geographic information — Spatial schema 9

ISO 19107:2003

2003-05-08 Geographic information — Spatial schema -
ISO 15046-7 Cancelled Geographic information — Spatial schema -



This document specifies conceptual schemas for describing the spatial characteristics of geographic entities, and a set of spatial operations consistent with these schemas. It treats "vector" geometry and topology. It defines standard spatial operations for use in access, query, management, processing and data exchange of geographic information for spatial (geometric and topological) objects. Because of the nature of geographic information, these geometric coordinate spaces will normally have up to three spatial dimensions, one temporal dimension and any number of other spatially dependent parameters as needed by the applications. In general, the topological dimension of the spatial projections of the geometric objects will be at most three.


Document Normative References:

ISO 19103, Geographic information — Conceptual schema language

ISO 19108, Geographic information — Temporal schema

ISO 19109, Geographic information — Rules for application schema

ISO 19111, Geographic information — Spatial referencing by coordinates

ISO/IEC 11404:2007, Information technology — General-Purpose Datatypes (GPD)

ISO/IEC 19505-2:2012, Information technology — Object Management Group Unified Modeling Language (OMG UML) — Part 2: Superstructure


Referenced from active ISO/TC 211 standard:

ISO 19108:2002 Geographic information — Temporal schema

ISO 19109:2015 Geographic information — Rules for application schema

ISO 19112:2019 Geographic information — Spatial referencing by geographic identifiers

ISO 19115-1:2014 Geographic information — Metadata — Part 1: Fundamentals

ISO 19116:2019 Geographic information — Positioning services

ISO 19117:2012 Geographic information — Portrayal

ISO/TR 19121:2000 Geographic information — Imagery and gridded data

ISO 19125-1:2004 Geographic information — Simple feature access — Part 1: Common architecture

ISO/TS 19129:2009 Geographic information — Imagery, gridded and coverage data framework

ISO 19130-1:2018 Geographic information — Imagery sensor models for geopositioning — Part 1: Fundamentals

ISO/TS 19130-2:2014 Geographic information — Imagery sensor models for geopositioning — Part 2: SAR, InSAR, lidar and sonar

ISO 19132:2007 Geographic information — Location-based services — Reference model

ISO 19133:2005 Geographic information — Location-based services — Tracking and navigation

ISO 19134:2007 Geographic information — Location-based services — Multimodal routing and navigation

ISO 19137:2007 Geographic information — Core profile of the spatial schema

ISO 19141:2008 Geographic information — Schema for moving features

ISO 19147:2015 Geographic information — Transfer Nodes

ISO 19148:2012 Geographic information — Linear referencing

ISO 19150-2:2015 Geographic information — Ontology — Part 2: Rules for developing ontologies in the Web Ontology Language (OWL)

ISO 19152:2012 Geographic information — Land Administration Domain Model (LADM)

ISO 19156:2011 Geographic information — Observations and measurements

ISO 19160-1:2015 Addressing — Part 1: Conceptual model

ISO/TS 19166:2021 Geographic information — BIM to GIS conceptual mapping (B2GM)

ISO 19170-1:2021 Geographic information — Discrete Global Grid Systems Specifications — Part 1: Core Reference System and Operations, and Equal Area Earth Reference System


Model References:
ISO/TS 19103 Edition 1

ISO 19103 Edition 1

ISO 19107 Edition 1


User Stories

ECJRC - The European INSPIRE Directive

Norway - National standard for modelling geospatial data and services

Supporting the following Sustainable Development Goals: