ISO/TC184/SC4 Industrial Data

Welcome to the community of Industrial Data!  In almost every interaction you have with the physical world, a virtual representation of that experience was created somewhere, by someone in order to provide you with the richest experience possible.  Industrial Data exists in every aspect of society.  From the earliest ideas about how to make the world better, to the concept phase where many ideas are evaluated to the design and manufacturing of real products and services through the support cycle and finally reclamation and recycling in a circular economy, Industrial Data allows computers to create a digital representation of these experiences.

Formally, our scope is:

Standardization of the content, meaning, structure, representation and quality management of the information required to define an engineered product and its characteristics at any required level of detail at any part of its lifecycle from conception through disposal, together with the interfaces required to deliver and collect the information necessary to support any business or technical process or service related to that engineered product during its lifecycle.

Note: Lifecycle includes recursive recycling to a terminal state.

Industrial Data

Building standards for industrial data requires a high level framework to ensure the consistency and interoperability of the standards.  The standards developed within ISO/TC 184/SC 4 are based on the premise that:

  • There are fundamental commonalities between different industries
  • Industrial data can be considered as a product of some industrial process and therefore is subject to generalised Life Cycle Activities

Models enable us to structure and organize concepts for meaningful use.  In this context, we use two models to frame the use of Industrial Data.  These are informative models, which describe the industrial environment within which ISO/TC 184/SC 4 standards are appropriate and show the commonality between the types of information in the environment. These are the Industry Structure model, which describes the hierarchical structure of the customer supply chain, and the Life Cycle Activities (LCA) model, which defines a generalised set of Life Cycle Activities.

ISO 10303: Product data representation and exchange, the industry leading standard for product data definition interoperability, is defined from within this framework.  A companion product for the oil and gas industry is defined in ISO 15926: Integration of life-cycle data for process plants including oil and gas production facilities.   Manufacturing is a key component of the product lifecycle.  ISO 15531: Industrial manufacturing management data, ISO 18629: Process specification language, ISO 18828, Standardized procedures for production systems engineering, and ISO 18876: Integration of industrial data for exchange, access and sharing all provide for process and requirements from the design domain to the manufacturing domain.   Visualization of the product is equally important and is provided through ISO 14306: JT file format specification for 3D visualization, and ISO/PAS 17506: COLLADA digital asset schema specification for 3D visualization of industrial data.

Industry structure model
Figure 1: Industry Structure Model


Lifecycle Activity Model
Figure 2: Lifecycle Activity Model

In both models, there includes a set of terms, concepts, and relationships that frame the context of Industrial Data.  These industrial contexts are quite expansive and cover the full range of industrial settings.  Both the discrete manufacturing industry and the process industry are in scope.  In addition the data content, ISO/TC 184/SC 4 is also concerned with the quality of the data.  A data quality framework is used as a foundation for ensuring that data meets expectations and is fit for use.  The following framework is used to describe the high level context found in ISO 8000: Data Quality.

Data Quality framework
Figure 3: Data quality framework

Finally, ISO/TC 184/SC 4 maintains a set of standards that provide for standardizing reusable content for industrial use.  These include ISO 22745: Open technical dictionaries and their application to master data and ISO 13584: Parts library.

Related ISO pages


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Standards are developed by the people who need them – that could mean you. Technical committees include experts from both standards and industry and these experts are put forward by ISO’s national members.  Find out how you can contribute to the development of Industrial Data by contacting our NSB sponsor, ANSI, at