6
Clean Water and Sanitation
Sustainable Development Goal

6 Clean Water and Sanitation

Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

Globally, over 80 % of wastewater generated by society flows back into the ecosystem without being treated or reused. In addition, around 40 % of the world’s population doesn’t have enough water to sustain its needs.

ISO has many standards for water management, spanning a variety of areas from wastewater and sewerage networks, to water reuse, efficient irrigation, water footprint monitoring, and service activities relating to drinking water supply systems. We also develop standards – such as ISO 24518 – to help communities manage their drinking water and wastewater services in the event of a crisis of water utilities.

The recently published ISO 24521 gives practical guidance on the management and maintenance of basic on-site domestic wastewater services. It offers advice on training users and operators, evaluating risks and designing and building basic on-site domestic wastewater systems, making use of alternative technologies that can be set up using local resources.

ISO is also expanding into new areas such as technology for next-generation toilets that can operate off-grid, outside the sewer network, in regions where there is no access to reliable water and wastewater systems. Standards in this field include the upcoming ISO 30500Non-sewered sanitation systems – Prefabricated integration treatment units – General safety and performance requirements for design and testing.

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  • Cover page: ISO and water
    ISO and water
    ISO’s solutions for addressing vital global water challenges.

91 standards contributing to SDG 6

Standard and/or project Sector TC
IWA 28:2018
Faecal sludge treatment units -- Energy independent, prefabricated, community-scale resource-recovery units -- Safety and performance
ISO/TMBG
ISO/AWI 4373 [Under development]
Hydrometry -- Water level measuring devices
Special technologies ISO/TC 113/SC 5
ISO 5667-1:2006
Water quality -- Sampling -- Part 1: Guidance on the design of sampling programmes and sampling techniques
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 147/SC 6
ISO 5667-3:2018
Water quality -- Sampling -- Part 3: Preservation and handling of water samples
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 147/SC 6
ISO 5667-4:2016
Water quality -- Sampling -- Part 4: Guidance on sampling from lakes, natural and man-made
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 147/SC 6
ISO 5667-5:2006
Water quality -- Sampling -- Part 5: Guidance on sampling of drinking water from treatment works and piped distribution systems
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 147/SC 6
ISO 5667-6:2014
Water quality -- Sampling -- Part 6: Guidance on sampling of rivers and streams
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 147/SC 6
ISO 5667-9:1992
Water quality -- Sampling -- Part 9: Guidance on sampling from marine waters
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 147/SC 6
ISO 5667-10:1992
Water quality -- Sampling -- Part 10: Guidance on sampling of waste waters
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 147/SC 6
ISO 5667-11:2009
Water quality -- Sampling -- Part 11: Guidance on sampling of groundwaters
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 147/SC 6
ISO 5667-12:2017
Water quality -- Sampling -- Part 12: Guidance on sampling of bottom sediments from rivers, lakes and estuarine areas
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 147/SC 6
ISO 5667-13:2011
Water quality -- Sampling -- Part 13: Guidance on sampling of sludges
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 147/SC 6
ISO 5667-14:2014
Water quality -- Sampling -- Part 14: Guidance on quality assurance and quality control of environmental water sampling and handling
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 147/SC 6
ISO 5667-16:2017
Water quality -- Sampling -- Part 16: Guidance on biotesting of samples
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 147/SC 6
ISO 5667-21:2010
Water quality -- Sampling -- Part 21: Guidance on sampling of drinking water distributed by tankers or means other than distribution pipes
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 147/SC 6
ISO 5667-22:2010
Water quality -- Sampling -- Part 22: Guidance on the design and installation of groundwater monitoring points
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 147/SC 6
ISO 5667-23:2011
Water quality -- Sampling -- Part 23: Guidance on passive sampling in surface waters
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 147/SC 6
ISO 5667-24:2016
Water quality -- Sampling -- Part 24: Guidance on the auditing of water quality sampling
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 147/SC 6
ISO 8245:1999
Water quality -- Guidelines for the determination of total organic carbon (TOC) and dissolved organic carbon (DOC)
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 147/SC 2
ISO/DIS 11298-4 [Under development]
Plastics piping systems for renovation of underground water supply networks -- Part 4: Lining with cured-in-place pipes
Mechanical engineering ISO/TC 138/SC 8
ISO 14001:2015
Environmental management systems -- Requirements with guidance for use
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 207/SC 1
ISO 14046:2014
Environmental management -- Water footprint -- Principles, requirements and guidelines
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 207/SC 5
ISO 14442:2006
Water quality -- Guidelines for algal growth inhibition tests with poorly soluble materials, volatile compounds, metals and waste water
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 147/SC 5
ISO/WD 14839-5 [Under development]
Mechanical vibration -- Vibration of rotating machinery equipped with active magnetic bearings -- Part 5: Touch-down bearings
Mechanical engineering ISO/TC 108/SC 2
ISO 15089:2000
Water quality -- Guidelines for selective immunoassays for the determination of plant treatment and pesticide agents
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 147/SC 2
ISO 16075-1:2015
Guidelines for treated wastewater use for irrigation projects -- Part 1: The basis of a reuse project for irrigation
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 1
ISO 16075-2:2015
Guidelines for treated wastewater use for irrigation projects -- Part 2: Development of the project
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 1
ISO 16075-3:2015
Guidelines for treated wastewater use for irrigation projects -- Part 3: Components of a reuse project for irrigation
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 1
ISO 16075-4:2016
Guidelines for treated wastewater use for irrigation projects -- Part 4: Monitoring
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 1
ISO 19144-1:2009
Geographic information -- Classification systems -- Part 1: Classification system structure
Information technology, graphics and photography ISO/TC 211
ISO 19144-2:2012
Geographic information - Classification systems -- Part 2: Land Cover Meta Language (LCML)
Information technology, graphics and photography ISO/TC 211
ISO 19160-1:2015
Addressing -- Part 1: Conceptual model
Information technology, graphics and photography ISO/TC 211
ISO/DIS 19698 [Under development]
Sludge recovery, recycling, treatment and disposal -- Beneficial use of biosolids -- Land applications
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 275
ISO 19867-1:2018
Clean cookstoves and clean cooking solutions -- Harmonized laboratory test protocols -- Part 1: Standard test sequence for emissions and performance, safety and durability
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 285
ISO/TR 19867-3:2018
Clean cookstoves and clean cooking solutions -- Harmonized laboratory test protocols -- Part 3: Voluntary performance targets for cookstoves based on laboratory testing
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 285
ISO/FDIS 19869 [Under development]
Clean cookstoves and clean cooking solutions -- Field testing methods for cookstoves
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 285
ISO/NP TR 19915 [Under development]
Clean cookstoves and clean cooking solutions -- Guidelines for social impact assessment
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 285
ISO 20121:2012
Event sustainability management systems -- Requirements with guidance for use
ISO/TMBG
ISO 20419:2018
Treated wastewater reuse for irrigation -- Guidelines for the adaptation of irrigation systems and practices to treated wastewater
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 1
ISO 20426:2018
Guidelines for health risk assessment and management for non-potable water reuse
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 3
ISO 20468-1:2018
Guidelines for performance evaluation of treatment technologies for water reuse systems -- Part 1: General
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 3
ISO/PRF 20468-2 [Under development]
Guidelines for performance evaluation of treatment technologies for water reuse systems -- Part 2: Methodology to evaluate performance of treatment systems on the basis of greenhouse gas emissions
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 3
ISO/DIS 20468-3 [Under development]
Guidelines for performance evaluation of treatment technologies for water reuse systems -- Part 3: Ozone treatment technology
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 3
ISO/CD 20468-4 [Under development]
Guidelines for performance evaluation of treatment technologies for water reuse systems -- Part 4: UV Disinfection
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 3
ISO/CD 20468-5 [Under development]
Guidelines for performance evaluation of treatment technologies for water reuse systems -- Part 5: Membrane filtration
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 3
ISO/CD 20468-6 [Under development]
Guidelines for performance evaluation of treatment technologies for water reuse systems -- Part 6: Ion exchange technology
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 3
ISO/CD 20468-7 [Under development]
Guidelines for performance evaluation of treatment technologies for water reuse systems -- Part 7: Advanced Oxidation Processes
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 3
ISO/AWI 20468-8 [Under development]
Guidelines for performance evaluation of treatment technologies for water reuse systems -- Part 8: Evaluation of wastewater reclamation technologies based on life cycle cost
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 3
ISO 20469:2018
Guidelines for water quality grade classification for water reuse
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 3
ISO/CD 20480-3 [Under development]
Fine bubble technology -- General principles for usage and measurement of fine bubbles -- Part 3: Terminology of fine bubble generating systems
Special technologies ISO/TC 281
ISO 20670:2018
Water reuse -- Vocabulary
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282
ISO 20760-1:2018
Water reuse in urban areas -- Guidelines for centralized water reuse system -- Part 1: Design principle of a centralized water reuse system
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 2
ISO 20760-2:2017
Water reuse in urban areas -- Guidelines for centralized water reuse system -- Part 2: Management of a centralized water reuse system
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 2
ISO 20761:2018
Water reuse in urban areas -- Guidelines for water reuse safety evaluation -- Assessment parameters and methods
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 2
ISO/CD 21256-3 [Under development]
Fine bubble technology -- Cleaning applications -- Part 3: Test method for cleaning hard flooring surfaces
Special technologies ISO/TC 281
ISO/TR 21276:2018
Clean cookstoves and clean cooking solutions -- Vocabulary
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 285
ISO/WD 21931-1 [Under development]
Sustainability in buildings and civil engineering works -- Framework for methods of assessment of the environmental, social and economic performance of construction works as a basis for sustainability assessment -- Part 1: Buildings
Building and construction ISO/TC 59/SC 17
ISO 21939-1 [Under development]
A method to calculate and express energy consumption of industrial wastewater treatment for the purpose of water reuse -- Part 1: Biological processes
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 4
ISO/AWI 22238 [Under development]
Water reuse -- A guideline to wastewater disinfection and equivalent treatments
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 1
ISO 22301:2012
Societal security -- Business continuity management systems -- Requirements
Security, safety and risk ISO/TC 292
ISO/DIS 22447 [Under development]
Industrial wastewater classification
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 4
ISO/DIS 22449-1 [Under development]
Use of reclaimed water in industrial cooling systems -- Part 1: Technical guidelines
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 4
ISO/DIS 22449-2 [Under development]
Use of reclaimed water in industrial cooling systems -- Part 2: Guidelines for cost analysis
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 4
ISO 22519 [Under development]
Purified water and water for injection pretreatment and production systems
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282
ISO/DIS 22524 [Under development]
Pilot plan for industrial wastewater treatment facilities in the objective of reuse
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 4
ISO/CD 23043 [Under development]
Evaluation of industrial wastewater treatment technologies for reuse
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 4
ISO/CD 23044 [Under development]
Guidelines for softening and desalination of industrial wastewater for reuse
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 4
ISO/CD 23056 [Under development]
Water reuse in urban areas - Guidelines for decentralized/onsite water reuse system·-· Design principle of a decentralized/onsite system
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 2
ISO/CD 23070 [Under development]
Water Reuse in Urban Areas --Guidelines for reclaimed water treatment -- Design principle of a RO desalination system of municipal wastewater
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 282/SC 2
ISO/WD TS 23818-1 [Under development]
Assessment of conformity of plastics piping systems for the rehabilitation of existing pipelines -- Part 1: Polyethylene (PE) material
Mechanical engineering ISO/TC 138/SC 8
ISO/DIS 23856 [Under development]
Plastics piping systems for pressure and non-pressure water supply, drainage or sewerage -- Glass-reinforced thermosetting plastics (GRP) systems based on unsaturated polyester (UP) resin
Mechanical engineering ISO/TC 138/SC 6
ISO/AWI TS 24031 [Under development]
Water services for temporary settlements for displaced persons
Services ISO/TC 224
ISO/AWI 24146-1 [Under development]
Ships and marine technology -- Marine environment protection -- Part 1: Management and handling of shipboard waste on inland vessels
Transport ISO/TC 8/SC 2
ISO/AWI 24146-2 [Under development]
Ships and marine technology -- Marine environment protection -- Part 2: Specifications of port reception facilities of shipboard waste from inland navigation vessels
Transport ISO/TC 8/SC 2
ISO 24510:2007
Activities relating to drinking water and wastewater services -- Guidelines for the assessment and for the improvement of the service to users
Services ISO/TC 224
ISO 24511:2007
Activities relating to drinking water and wastewater services -- Guidelines for the management of wastewater utilities and for the assessment of wastewater services
Services ISO/TC 224
ISO 24512:2007
Activities relating to drinking water and wastewater services -- Guidelines for the management of drinking water utilities and for the assessment of drinking water services
Services ISO/TC 224
ISO 24518:2015
Activities relating to drinking water and wastewater services -- Crisis management of water utilities
Services ISO/TC 224
ISO 24521:2016
Activities relating to drinking water and wastewater services -- Guidelines for the management of basic on-site domestic wastewater services
Services ISO/TC 224
ISO 26000:2010
Guidance on social responsibility
ISO/TMBG
ISO 30500:2018
Non-sewered sanitation systems -- Prefabricated integrated treatment units -- General safety and performance requirements for design and testing
ISO/TMBG
ISO/DIS 31800 [Under development]
Faecal sludge treatment units -- Energy independent, prefabricated, community-scale, resource recovery units -- Safety and performance requirements
Services ISO/PC 318
ISO 37101:2016
Sustainable development in communities -- Management system for sustainable development -- Requirements with guidance for use
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 268
ISO 37120:2018
Sustainable cities and communities -- Indicators for city services and quality of life
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 268
ISO 37122:2019
Sustainable cities and communities -- Indicators for smart cities
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 268
ISO/DIS 37123 [Under development]
Sustainable cities and communities -- Indicators for resilient cities
Sustainability and environment ISO/TC 268
ISO 55000:2014
Asset management -- Overview, principles and terminology
Business management and innovation ISO/TC 251
ISO 55001:2014
Asset management -- Management systems -- Requirements
Business management and innovation ISO/TC 251
ISO 55002:2018
Asset management -- Management systems -- Guidelines for the application of ISO 55001
Business management and innovation ISO/TC 251
ISO/DTS 55010 [Under development]
Asset management - Guidance on the alignment of financial and non-financial functions in asset management
Business management and innovation ISO/TC 251
ISO/CD 55011 [Under development]
Guidance on the development of government asset management policy
Business management and innovation ISO/TC 251