ISO/TC 299 is organized in seven working groups


Vocabulary and characteristics (Working group 1)

Convenor Soon-Geul Lee, Korea

The working group prepares a consistent vocabulary, including new service robots and a revision of the existing vocabulary for traditional robots (ISO 8373). The stakeholders have identified the vocabulary as a critical issue which is necessary to facilitate for both new applications in industrial environments, and the service robot development.

Work items:

  • ISO 8373, Robotics - Vocabulary (revision)

Published standards:


Service robot safety (Working group 2)

Convenor Osman Tokhi, United Kingdom

The work focuses on ensuring safety of personal care robots which are defined to perform actions that contribute directly towards improvement in the quality of life of humans, excluding medical applications. The work includes close human-robot interaction and robot-human contact is permitted as part of the robot’s intended task.

ISO 13482:2014, Robots and robotic devices — Safety requirements for personal care robots, was published in 2014 and the group is currently working on the following work item:

  • ISO/TR 23482-1, Robotics – Application of ISO 13482 – Part 1 – Safety-related test methods

In addition, the working group is investigating the design and specification of robot test dummies needed for the new tests defined in ISO 13482.

Published document:


Industrial safety (Working group 3)

Convenor Roberta Nelson Shea, USA

Develop safety standards and guidance for robotics that are intended for industrial environments, over their lifecycle.

The requirements and guidance are directed at the suppliers:

  • Manufacturers of the industrial robot,
  • Manufacturers of components that are part of an industrial robot system or cell.

Integrators providing industrial robot systems, cells, lines.


Service robot performance (Working group 4)

Convenor Cota Nabeshima, Japan

The scope of this working group is to develop performance standards for service robots while exploring the need for the development of any service robot standard.

The working group has developed a series of performance standards for service robots, ISO 18646-x.

Published standards:

Current work items:

  • ISO/FDIS 18646-3 Robotics — Performance criteria and related test methods for service robots — Part 3: Manipulation
  • ISO/FDIS 18646-4 Robotics — Performance criteria and related test methods for service robots — Part 4: Lumbar support robots.


Medical robot safety (Working group 5, joint work with IEC)

Convenor Cota Nabeshima, Japan

This is a joint working group with IEC/TC 62 (Electrical equipment in medical practice) and covers the safety standardization work for medical robots as well as medical electrical equipment using robotic technology. The joint working group currently comprises three subgroups; the details for these are as follows:

  • JWG9 jointly with IEC/TC 62/SC 62A (Common aspects of electrical equipment used in medical practice). JWG9’s title is Medical electrical equipment and systems using robotic technology. The work is focused on formulating collateral type standards to fit the IEC 60601 family of standards. Work has recently completed for IEC TR 60601-4-1, Medical electrical equipment - Part 4-1: Guidance and interpretation – Medical electrical equipment and medical electrical systems employing a degree of autonomy. It is also coordinating the standardization work on medical robots.
  • JWG35 jointly with IEC/TC 62/SC 62D (Electromedical equipment). JWG35’s title is Medical robots for surgery and has completed IEC 80601-2-77 Medical electrical equipment - Part 2-77: Particular requirements for the basic safety and essential performance of robotically assisted surgical equipment
  • JWG36 is also jointly with IEC/TC62/SC 62D. JWG36’s title is Medical robots for rehabilitation and has completed IEC 80601-2-78, Medical electrical equipment – Part 2-78: Particular requirements for the basic safety and essential performance of medical robots for rehabilitation, assessment, compensation or alleviation.


Modularity for service robots (Working group 6)

Convenor Gurvinder Virk, United Kingdom

This working group explores different aspects of robot modularity and is aimed at developing international robot standards. The topics include: software modularity, electrical and mechanical modularity, safety aspects in modularity, integrated design approach, and interoperability.

The Working group is developing ISO 22166-1, Modularity for service robots – Part 1 – General requirements where important definitions for robot modularity and how robot modules can be specified and designed to allow effective inter-operation, easy re-configuration while ensuring effective operation and safety requirements of robot modules specified. In future detailed items for robot hardware and software modularity are expected to be specified for reusability, interoperability, and safety of modules.


Management system for service robots (Working group 7)

Convenor Yoshihiro Nakabo, Japan

ISO 13482, Safety requirements for personal care robots which was published in 2014, is the safety standard for service robots. While the standard ensures the design for safety of the service robot as a machine, the hazardous risk of operating the service robot in an unintended or unsafe manner is not addressed. In the industrial application field, the operation and safety management of industrial robots to protect workers from accidents is specified in ISO 45001, Occupational Health and Safety Management System.

With Robot-As-A-Service (RAAS) offered by many service vendors, it will be difficult for service robot manufacturers to comprehensively pre-empt all the ways that the robot service provider would use the service robots and the environment that they are operated in. There is currently no guidelines and standardization in the safety management and control for service robots that operate in the living space of untrained operators. This is the responsibility of the robot service providers operating the service robots. Therefore, in order for service robots to co-exist safely with people, we are compiling requirements for the safe management and operation to be performed by robot service providers and aim to standardize these requirements for service robots.


Communications (Advisory group 1)

Convenor Cota Nabeshima, Japan


Gaps and structure (Study group 1)

Convenor Roberta Nelson Shea, USA

This study group aims to explore global developments of robots and robotic systems from traditional domains into new and emerging sectors and how the ISO/TC 299 working groups are meeting the overall standardization requirements. The aim is to ensure the standards produced are clear, consistent and help the robotics sector to evolve holistically via international consensus. Experts from all robot sectors are involved to consider the following issues:

  • Identification of gaps in standardization needs for different robot sectors and how these may be met
  • Define clarity for boundaries in robot sectors where confusion could arise
  • Eliminate overlaps in scope of work carried out in different working groups to avoid confusion
  • Recommend how issues causing confusion should be resolved by possible restructuring of working groups within the technical committee