ISO 19153

Working Group 9 
Reference Status/Date Name WG

ISO 19153:2014

Geospatial Digital Rights Management
Reference Model (GeoDRM RM)



This International Standard is a reference model for digital rights management (DRM) functionality for geospatial resources (GeoDRM). As such, it is connected to the general DRM market in that geospatial resources must be treated as nearly as possible like other resources, such as music, text, or services.

This International Standard defines:

  • A conceptual model for digital rights management of geospatial resources, providing a framework and reference for more detailed specification in this area.
  • A metadata model for the expression of rights that associate users to the acts that they can perform against a particular geospatial resource, and associated information used in the enforcement and granting of those rights, such as owner metadata, available rights, and issuer of those rights.
  • Requirements that are placed on rights management systems for the enforcement of those rights.

NOTE A rights management system must be necessary and sufficient: it must implement only those restrictions necessary to enforce the rights defined therein, and it must be sufficient to enforce those rights.

  • How this is to work conceptually in the larger DRM context to ensure the ubiquity of geospatial resources in the general services market.

A resource in this context is a data file, or service for geographic information or process.

This abstract descriptive International Standard builds on and complements the existing standards, and defines at an abstract level a rights model to enable the digital rights management of standards-based geospatial resources. Future GeoDRM standards will be written to implement the concepts defined in this International Standard.

Figure 1 shows a simplified view of how this International Standard, the Geospatial Digital Rights Management Reference Model (indicated in grey), relates to the ISO Open Distributed Processing standard, OGC Reference Model, and OWS Common initiative. The purpose of this  International Standard is to define the conceptual framework and rights model for the future GeoDRM Implementation Standards, which will enable the digital rights management of geospatial resources.

This International Standard is not intended to delve into questions of morals, ethics, market model, or implementations any further than is necessary to express requirements against rights management functionalities and systems.


Document Normative References:

ISO 2382-6, Information processing systems — Vocabulary — Part 6: Preparation and handling of data

ISO/IEC 15408, Information technology — Security techniques — Evaluation for IT security

ISO/IEC 21000 (all parts), Information technology — Multimedia framework (MPEG-21)

ISO/IEC 21000-5, Information technology— Multimedia framework (MPEG-21)— Part 5: Rights Expression Language


Referenced from active ISO/TC 211 standard:

ISO 19149:2011 Geographic information — Rights expression language for geographic information — GeoREL



Model References: