About ISO/TC 299 Robotics

Robotics has been a core pillar in the manufacturing industry for several decades and is a multi-million Euro industry today. As statistics reveal, growth in the robotics industry continues to be explosive. Since the installation of the first industrial robot in the 1970s, the sector has continuously expanded into new markets and developed new applications. Today robotics is no longer a technology for only manufacturing but has evolved to also address much wider range of applications and domains where a variety of services are provided to different end users.

ISO/TC 299 has the goal to develop high quality standards for the safety of industrial robots and service robots to enable innovative robotic product to be brought onto the market. In addition, ISO/TC 299 has the goal to foster the growth of the robotic market by introducing standards in fields like terminology, performance measurement and modularity. The scope of ISO/TC 299 reads “Standardization in the field of robotics, excluding toys and military applications.”

The standards provide global organizations and individuals with guidance on how to implement robots in best possible way. Value is added to the robot investments by providing clear best practices on how to ensure proper safe installations, as well as providing standardized interfaces and performance criteria.

History of ISO/TC 299

In 1983 the committee started as subcommittee SC 2 “Robots for manufacturing environment” under the Technical Committee ISO/TC 184 “Industrial automation”. The initial efforts were primarily related to industrial safety with some activity in vocabulary and performance. As a result, the title was updated as “Robots for industrial environments”. The title was again updated to “Robots and robotic devices” to include not only industrial robots but also non-industrial robots, which were defined as service robots in 2006. With increased robotic activity, greater visibility was needed for better coordination. This resulted in ISO/TC 184/SC 2 being upgraded to be ISO/TC 299 with the title of “Robotics” in 2016. These changes over the years have reflected the increasing and broadening standardization activities in the field of robotics.

Key definitions (according to ISO 8373:2012)

robot 
actuated mechanism programmable in two or more axes (4.3) with a degree of autonomy (2.2), moving within its environment, to perform intended tasks

NOTE 1 A robot includes the control system (2.7) and interface of the control system.

NOTE 2 The classification of robot into industrial robot (2.9) or service robot (2.10) is done according to its intended application.

robotics
science and practice of designing, manufacturing, and applying robots (2.6)

autonomy
ability to perform intended tasks based on current state and sensing, without human intervention

 

ISO 8373 Robots and robotic devices -- Vocabulary is currently under revision with a planned publication in 2021.

Next plenary meeting

The third plenary meeting of ISO/TC 299 will take place 2020-05-11--15 in Stockholm, Sweden. The previous ISO/TC 299 meeting was held in Kyoto, Japan, in June 2018, in conjunction with working group meetings.

For further information about future meetings, please see the schedule under News.

Related ISO pages

Our page on iso.org

Who develops ISO standards?

Map of participating countries in ISO/TC 299

Want to get involved?

Standards are developed by the people who need them – that could mean you. Technical committees include experts from both standards and industry and these experts are put forward by ISO’s national members. If you want to help shape future standards in your field, contact your national member